Sexually Transmitted Infections: What to know about treatment and prevention

Most sexually transmitted infections have readily available treatments that are simple to administer. In Australia, it is estimated that there are over 225 thousand new sexually transmitted infections among people aged 15 to 29 years old annually. There has been an increase in both people testing for sexually transmitted infections and being diagnosed with having an infection at any given time.

Common Stds
Rise Of STIs

Considering this information, there is still a third of the Australians that have undiagnosed and untreated sexually transmitted infections among the younger population of people

This pose a dangerous issue with people’s health because untreated sexually transmitted infections can lead to dementia, heart failure, blindness and brain damage. It has been noted that among men and women, most of the sexually transmitted infections have been diagnosed more in men than in females. Australia has noted that most of the sexually transmitted infections that are diagnosed among men are from men who have sexual contact and intercourse with other men. Other factors in men that play a part in this occurrence is that the higher percentage of these men that have interactions with other men are in urban areas and younger age groups. The urban areas are unique in that women are increasing in the diagnoses of sexually transmitted infections. This may be due to the fact that men having sexual interactions with other men may be having similar interactions with women.

Sexually transmitted infections are shown to be 3 to 7 times greater in urban areas than in areas that are not urban

Among the younger adults they are not always using protection when they have these infrequent interactions with casual partners. With these transient sexual interactions, people must take extra precautions in have sex with multiple people. This is believed to contribute to the increase in sexually transmitted infections because long term relationships are a thing of the past. Serial dating is the more modern way of dating and are contributing to the increasing rates of sexually transmitted infections. Some other factors that contribute to the increasing rates of sexually transmitted infections is poor access to proper health services.

Compared to people around the world, Australia’s rate of sexually transmitted infections among people aged 15 to 19 years old are very similar

The highest rates of transmission remains constant to be among populations in urban areas. Even though the increasing rate of sexually transmitted infections are seen among men who have sexual contact with other men, has been observed that women in the age range of 15 to 24 having a frequently high infection rate over men out of a sample size of 100 women and 100 men.

Another gap in the Australia system that opens Australians up for the potential spread of sexually transmitted infections are travelers

Many people travel to Australia on vacation and end up having unprotected sex outside of their committed relationships. At this point, that person that is an Australian resident could contract a sexually transmitted infection from a traveler and then take it home to their partner. Sexually transmitted infections are very frequently spread through traveling as people are less careful and are more open to using services provided for sex worker while on vacation. People who travel to Australia on a longer than normal vacation may be more at risk of obtaining and spreading sexually transmitted infections because they feel lonely and opt for sex workers or causal partners to fill that void.

STI rates in Australia

In Australia, with the rates of sexually transmitted infections rising there has been a need demonstrated for development of programs geared towards the prevention of sexually transmitted infections among younger adults. As recent assessments of the rates of sexually transmitted infections among Australians have been sustained and increasing among young adults, there seems to be a more pressing concern to address in regards to the spread of sexually transmitted infections.