Sexually transmitted diseases are those that are infections that pass from person to person through sexual and non sexual behaviours. They are also well known as sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and venereal diseases (VD). They can spread from a person to person through a variety of sources including needles, during childbirth and/or breastfeeding when the child is young, and also through blood transfusions. Also, they can be transmitted through sexual intercourse or foreplay. STIs happen because the genitals on our body are warm and moist which makes them the perfect candidates for breeding and housing harmful and unwanted bacteria. These bacteria can hop around from person to person spreading rapidly.
Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease and is very common in Australia. It is estimated that at least 1 in 8 Australian adults are affected by this condition. It’s more common in women than men and has a major incidence in metropolitan area than in countryside. Australian indigenous community have high disease rates than other population groups.
Genital Herpes, also known as a STI, is a common sexually transmitted infection. It is caused by the Herpes Simplex Virus. There are two types of Herpes Simplex Virus, HSV1 and HSV2. HSV1 is commonly found around the mouth area, and are known to be cold sores. HSV2 infects the genital and anal areas. Although, both can occur in any of these areas, and it is possible to have both HSV1 & HSV2 together. Three fourths of Australian adults are infected with HSV1, and one out of ten are found to be infected with HSV2. It is more common for women to be infected with HSV2 than men.
Chlamydia is the most common sexually transmitted infection in Australia with a rate of almost 400 notified infections per 100,000 people, according to the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. The rate of infection exploded rapidly from 1999 to 2011, from 75 notifications per 100,000 people to 360 notifications per 100,000 people. The rate has stabilized in the last 10 years, however, but it is still 3 to 4 times higher than the next highest sexually transmitted infection which is Gonorrhea.
You are tossing and turning all night. Your mind racing on the sore that is around your genital area. You hope it’s just an ingrown hair hurting. That happens, right? You don’t want to think of the other reason. You have been having unprotected sex lately. You thought it would be safe. Everyone is doing it. You keep tossing and turning and finally grab your phone to do a quick google search. The results terrify you and you quickly decide to get an appointment at the doctor the next day.
Australia is one of the countries with the lowest levels of sexually transmitted infections. Other top STIs such as syphilis, gonorrhea or HIV have not had a large increase in the country’s population since 1996.
Genital herpes is an outbreak of the genital herpes simplex virus (HSV). Many people have either no or mild symptoms and are therefore unaware of being sick. These usually contain small blisters if symptoms occur which break open to form painful ulcers. There may also be flu-like symptoms such as headache, sore, and swollen lymph nodes. The onset is usually around 4 days after exposure with up to 4 weeks of symptoms. Certain outbreaks that occur when infected are usually milder.
The World Health Organization has recently expressed concerns about increased incidence of sexually transmitted diseases (STD) worldwide. The agency, from his headquarters in Geneva, has explained that “on average, approximately one in 25 people globally have at least one of these STD”. WHO also added that everyday one million people catch a sexually transmitted infection around the globe.