Sexually transmitted infections What you need to know and how avoid them.

Most people have heard of sexually transmitted diseases, and even those words can be self explanatory. Putting it simple, sexually transmitted disease occurs during sexually activity. However, it is more complex than what most are aware of. There are several ways that it is passed along, to name a few: vaginal, oral, anal sex, contact through infected skin, and even able to be transferred through blood.

You can even be passed Trichomoniasis through damp or moist things such as towels, toilet seats, or any other wet materials. Although catching it this way is uncommon it is possible. The most common ways that put you at risk is having multiple sex partners, sleeping with someone that has had a high number of sexual partners, sharing needles, or not using protection, such as condoms.

There is bacterial, viral, and parasitic types of sexually transmitted diseases. Some of these diseases are curable, and others are just manageable. Chlamydia, genital warts, herpes, Gonorrhea, HPV, HIV/Aids, syphilis, hepatitis A/B/C, Scabes, and pubic lice are to name a few common ones.

In Australia Chlamydia is the most common sexually transmitted disease noted, and is also curable.

Chlamydia is simply treated by antibiotics. If it is left untreated the disease can spread to other parts of the body causing a number of different issues including infertility. In Australia between 1999 and 2011 the rates had increased very quickly with those contracting Chlamydia, and has slowly increased since 2016. Syphilis has doubled in numbers. There is good news as Hepatitis C and HIV has decreased in these past years. Experts have concluded that the rise in numbers in Australia can partly be due to advance in technology and being able to provide tests that have more accurate results than ever before. With the rise in these numbers more people are also seeking testing, which means more results. Some of these sexually transmitted disease have doubled and even tripled. Online dating as been found a leading culprit. With online dating it has been easier than ever for people to meet and most end up engaging in sexual activity.

A study done in Australia showed that online dating led to 6 times more likely to have five or more sexual partners. This has gave those people an increased chance in catching a sexually transmitted disease. Even though this is still being looked at, it is believed that it increases one’s chance due to the fact that those people wouldn’t of typically met before. If someone in the older age range ends up connecting to a younger age group, then it takes that risk to other generations. So, all age groups are affected by this sexually transmitted disease rise.

Australia has also documented that only 35 percent of men used condoms, and men over 50 were much less likely to use condoms versus younger men.

Also, the study results at revealed for half of those that did choose to utilize condoms were using them incorrectly. Other noted facts were slipping, tearing, or breaking all together. In the past gay or bisexual men had a high rate of using condoms, but over the recent years this has decreased, while the numbers of gays and bisexuals are actually increasing. Traveling has also been another thought of why the increase in STD. Going abroad has become heavier than in the past, and most are younger students that end up engaging in alcohol, joy, and multiple spontaneous sexual partners. With all of this in play definitely plays a part in the increase in these diseases. Australia has made huge progress towards strategies to address these issues.

One of these ways Australia has made a move was to increase vaccinations against HPV, leaving them the first country in the world to show a dramatic decline in HPV infections, genital warts, and cervical cancers. Australia has also boosted their testing in gay and bisexual men/women. There is a desperate need to improve awareness and knowledge with STD among populations, and this continues to be Australia’s goal along with more research and concrete evidence with their findings.

Not only are those in the medical fields trying to find a strategy to get these numbers decreased, but they are looking to improve the lives of those living with STD’s that are not curable, and they have a strong belief in human rights. The populations that are affected have a right to fully participate into society without discrimination. They have the same rights as other members of their community such as confidential handling of their personal medical information.

Felix Black

I am a doctor from Melbourne, VIC. I graduated from Melbourne Medical School in Parkville, Australia and did internship in University of Sydney Central Clinical School
Felix Black

Author: Felix Black

I am a doctor from Melbourne, VIC. I graduated from Melbourne Medical School in Parkville, Australia and did internship in University of Sydney Central Clinical School

3 thoughts on “Sexually transmitted infections What you need to know and how avoid them.”

  1. My friend was cheated on by her husband. He managed to have so many sexual partners that she was exposed to all sorts of STDs. It was absolutely terrible. The nurses even compared her situation to a raunchy soap opera that they watch in the break room.

  2. I got HPV infection from my partner after our first sex experience. I had to extract the warts from my genitalia using acid.

  3. When I was a teen my parents gave refugee to a teen girl. Her mom wasn’t really nice to her and kicked her out of the house. She had no where to go and started sleeping around with random men. One day her cousin took her to church and she asked if anyone could help her. My parents said they would. One week later she started experiencing lower abdominal pain and smelly green vaginal discharge. My mom took her for a check up and found she had gonorrhea. They gave her strong antibiotics and was able to cure it. They told her she was lucky she had someone that cared for her because if she would’ve not had it treated she could’ve become infertile.

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