Irritable Bowel Syndrome: tips for managing symptoms and finding out the best diet for your gut

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional disorder of the gastrointestinal tract mainly characterized by abdominal pain and alterations of the alvo (problems in defecation) in the absence of any other specific pathology that causes its symptoms.   Epidemiology Although the prevalence of the disease is generally difficult to understand due to the heterogeneity of the diagnostic criteria, community studies tell us that this syndrome involves 10 to 25% of the population, differently depending on the country.
IBS is spread 1.5 to 3 times more in women and affects 50% of people under the age of 35.

The causes of IBS have not yet been clearly identified.

However it is known that among the factors potentially implicated in its genesis we can find a previous gastrointestinal infection (which causes persistent immunological alterations, ie of the immune system, and muscular and neuronal hyperreactivity of the intestinal wall), an alteration of brain neurohormonal mechanisms, a altered permeability of the intestinal mucosa and possible food intolerances.

The main physiological mechanisms underlying this functional disorder are related to the alteration of intestinal motility, to the individual’s hypersensitivity to visceral pain (pain originating from the internal organs of our body), to psychological disorders (anxiety, depression ), to the irritation of the intestinal mucosa or of the bacterial population that naturally inhabits our intestine (microbiome).

The management consists mainly in the adoption of dietary measures, of a possible psychological support aimed at improving the management of stress and, finally, of the use of symptomatic drugs.


Dietary measures

Avoiding caffeine, alcohol and exciting drinks can help reduce anxiety and irritability of the intestinal mucosa.

Avoiding legumes, as well as lactose and fructose in patients who are already intolerant, can prevent the increase in abdominal bloating.

In some cases, the irritable bowel syndrome may also be associated with gluten intolerance even in the absence of overt celiac disease; a diet without or with a reduced amount of gluten can help improve symptoms.

Furthermore, a particular group of particularly fermentable carbohydrates (FODMAPs) present in fruits and vegetables as well as in flours and in many other foods of our diet, in particular conditions can lead to an increased bacterial proliferation which increases gas production and therefore swelling . Not being able to eliminate them completely, temporary diets can be chosen aimed at containing the ingestion of these substances.

Pharmacological treatment is mainly symptomatic and involves, in the treatment of abdominal swelling and pain, the use of antispasmodic and antidepressant drugs, while the use of fibers is not always able to reduce symptoms.

In the diarrheal form of IBS, antidiarrheal drugs reduce the frequency and increase the consistency of the stools while they have no effects on pain or abdominal distension.

From 2012 it is suggested the use of Linaclotide, an agonist of guanilate cyclase 2C (an enzyme with an important role in the secretion of fluids by intestinal mucosa cells) for the treatment of chronic constipation in IBS with predominant constipation.

Rifaximin, a locally acting antibiotic, is used in the diarrheal forms of IBS and has action on symptoms such as diarrhea, abdominal bloating and pain.


Erectile Dysfunction and the Impact it has on Your Life

Erectile dysfunction is defined as a difficulty in achieving and maintaining an erection that is suitable to have sex.  The cause may be medical, but sometimes it is also psychological.  Keep in mind, is is normal for a man to have erectile problems from time to time, however, if the situation happens on a regular basis, then the man may be suffering from erectile dysfunction (ED).  Normal erectile function can be affected by problems with any of the following systems: blood flow, nerve supply, and/or hormones.  You should contact your doctor about persistent erection problems, to rule out any serious medical conditions.

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The following list is the most common physical causes of ED:

heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, thyroid conditions, smoking, alcoholism, substance abuse, injuries in the pelvic area or spinal cord, and radiation therapy to the pelvic region.


There are also numerous prescription medications that can cause ED, such as: drugs to control high blood pressure, heart medications such as digoxin, some diuretics, sleeping pills, amphetamines, anxiety treatments, antidepressants, opioid painkillers, some cancer drugs, prostate treatment drugs, anticholinergics, hormone drugs, and peptic ulcer medication.  It is rare, but it is possible for a man to have always had ED, and may never have achieved an erection.  This is called primary ED, and the cause is almost always psychological.  Some psychological factors can include guilt, fear of intimacy, depression, or severe anxiety.  The good news is that there are many treatments for ED.

There are many drugs on the market today that can help

Most of these pills are taken prior to having sex.  Some of these drugs are: vardenafil (Levitra), tadalafil (Cialis), and avanafil (Stendra).  Please be sure to check with a doctor prior to taking any of these medications, a doctor will check for heart conditions and ask about other medications.


Most side effects with these drugs include, flushing, visual abnormalities, hearing loss, indigestion, and headache

For those people living in Australia, these drugs are available over the counter.  In Australia, the most well-known medicine among men, is called sildenafil, commonly known as Viagra.  These small pills can be easily and discreetly taken.  The effect of Viagra is rather quick, which allows for sexual intercourse to be enjoyed to its fullest extent.  Australian pharmacies offer different medicines for increasing sexual potency.  Sildenafil, also known as Viagra, is the most popular, followed by vardenafil and tadalafil. Viagra relaxes muscles found in the walls of blood vessels and increases blood flow to particular areas of the body.  Do not take Viagra if you are also using a nitrate drug for chest pain or heart problems.

Taking Viagra with a nitrate medicine can cause a sudden and serious decrease in blood pressure

To make sure Viagra is safe for your, tell your doctor if you have ever had any of the following: heart disease, heart attack, stroke, or congestive heart failure, high or low blood pressure, liver or kidney disease, blood cell disorder, hemophilia, or stomach ulcers.  Viagra is usually taken only when needed, 30 minutes to one hour before sexual activity.  Although, you may take it up to four hours before sexual activity.  Do not take Viagra more than once per day. During sexual activity, if you become dizzy or nauseated, or have pain, numbness, or tingling in your chest, arms, neck, or jaw, stop and call your doctor right away.


Thanks to on-line pharmacies, you can purchase your ED drugs in Australia at the lowest possible prices

Australia also has a program called the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) which allows Australian residents to get their drugs at a reduced rate.  The PBS provides timely, reliable, and affordable access to necessary medicines for Australians.  The PBS is part of the Australian Government’s Nation Medicines Policy.  Under PBS, the government subsidises the cost of medicines for most medical conditions.  This program is available to all Australian residents who hold a current Medicare card. The co-payment is the amount you pay towards the cost of your PBS medicines.  From January 1, 2019, you pay up to .30 for most PBS medicines.  The Australian Government pays the remaining cost.  The amount of the co-payment is adjusted on January 1st of each year.

Genital herpes – viral infection characterised by outbreaks of blisters and sores

Genital herpes is growing in prevalence among Australians

According to, about one in every eight Australian people have been diagnosed with being infected with genital herpes. The occurrence is more frequent in Australian women being one in every five women aged 35-44 being diagnosed in having genital herpes. Studies have shown that about 76 percent of Australian people have been exposed to the herpes simplex virus. This includes the more prevalent version of the herpes virus, HSV-1, which causes cold sores on the lips and mouth area. Genital herpes are caused by the herpes version, HSV-2. HSV-2 is more common among women than men. It was found that women have a 16 to 8 percent infection rate compared to men.

With genital herpes on the rise, medical professionals are worried as the disease causes men and women to be more susceptible to other more serious illnesses such as HIV. Genital herpes causes a person to me three times more likely to acquire HIV when they come into contact with an effected person.

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Genital Herpes In Australia

Many people believe that they will not be able to contact genital herpes from a person who has HSV-1, herpes that is affecting the mouth ad lips

This is not necessarily true to be the case. Because of the drastic increase in oral sex, we are seeing more and more people becoming infected with genital herpes leading from contact with a person who had oral herpes. It is being highly recommended that women who are in their late stages of pregnancy avoid having oral sex. This is mainly due to the possibility of the HSV-1 virus being possibly passed onto the baby, which may lead to severe or fatal complications for the fetus. Among Australians, we have seen that HSV-1 has been involved in about 25 percent of infections involving fetus.

Since genital herpes is a very common sexually transmitted infection seen amongst Australians people must take proper precautions when engaging in sexual activity. Among Australians, men and women alike, 85 percent of them carry HSV-1 and 20 percent carry the HSV-2 viruses. The commonality in people are seen in the metropolitan areas of Australia and very common among the indigenous communities. These communities experience a high incidence as their lifestyles tend to be more transient and social due to their surroundings.

Genital herpes is typically transmitted through skin to skin contact with a person who carries the HSV virus

The contact can be made orally, vaginal or through anal intercourse. It is imperative that people know that the transmission of the virus can be achieved without penetration. Skin to skin contact along can cause a person to acquire the infection. Genital herpes can be transmitted from people who have not expressed any symptoms or the symptoms are very minimal and thus do not know that they have the infection. The vast majority of the people who have genital herpes, about 80 percent, are not aware that they care the virus and unintentionally pass the virus on to their partner. It is very typical for transmission of the virus to occur during no sign of outbreak. This is referred to as viral shedding, which the virus is present and available on the skin but there is no sign that the virus if there. Although unfavorable among the younger population, the use of condoms is a simple way to reduce the risk associated with contracting genital herpes. Also, getting sexually transmitted infection testing regularly is extremely important in being proactive for prevention from becoming infected and from passing the virus along if a person have no signs of the virus but they are carrying it. This is especially true when a person changes their sexual partner or have multiple casual partners.

It is important for people to understand that once they have the virus, the virus stays with them

A person cannot get rid of HSV once it has been acquired by the body. Fortunately, over time infected people who have outbreaks will see a decrease in frequency and severity of outbreaks overtime. People who have genital herpes have to take extra precaution not to get too stressed or tired and rundown as HSV is triggered by the body being under stressful conditions.

If someone may think that they have been infected with genital herpes, some of the symptoms to look for are painful blisters, urination problems and or symptoms similar to the flu. When the infection reoccurs it typically appears with blisters on the genitals, butt, thighs and/or anus along with minor itching and irritation.

Sexually transmitted infections: My story and how i am dealing with it

Sexually transmitted infections (STI), also known as sexually transmitted diseases (STD) are one of mankind’s oldest enemies, and a lot of our struggles for progress, in the realms of both biological and social science, have been a constant weapon to fight this relentless killer. It is something so inter-connected with human life, and most of all our sense of survival, that a lot of our civilizational, religious and cultural habits were, in a beginning now lost in history, directly rooted in a conscious or unconscious desire to avoid their influence. At a point “or, actually, during most points“ in history, the act of being careless or ignorant about their dangers was more than likely to mean death, and, at a social level, it could have meant humanityв’s very extinction.

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Sexually transmitted infections What you need to know and how avoid them.

Most people have heard of sexually transmitted diseases, and even those words can be self explanatory. Putting it simple, sexually transmitted disease occurs during sexually activity. However, it is more complex than what most are aware of. There are several ways that it is passed along, to name a few: vaginal, oral, anal sex, contact through infected skin, and even able to be transferred through blood.

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Sexually transmitted diseases are more common than you think

Sexually transmitted diseases, also called sexually transmitted infections, can be caused by a series of microorganisms that vary greatly in size, life cycle, clinical manifestations and sensitivity to available treatments.

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases and What You can do to Prevent Them

Sexually transmitted diseases are those that are infections that pass from person to person through sexual and non sexual behaviours. They are also well known as sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and venereal diseases (VD). They can spread from a person to person through a variety of sources including needles, during childbirth and/or breastfeeding when the child is young, and also through blood transfusions. Also, they can be transmitted through sexual intercourse or foreplay. STIs happen because the genitals on our body are warm and moist which makes them the perfect candidates for breeding and housing harmful and unwanted bacteria. These bacteria can hop around from person to person spreading rapidly.

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Sexual Health: Facts and Symptoms of Genital Herpes

Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease and is very common in Australia. It is estimated that at least 1 in 8 Australian adults are affected by this condition. It’s more common in women than men and has a major incidence in metropolitan area than in countryside. Australian indigenous community have high disease rates than other population groups.

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